Research Partner: Alyx Robinson
Initial Research Team: Tim Goheen, Li Tianze, Adam Louis, and Cody Jones
Studio Professor: Mary Polites
Site: Lagos, Nigeria
The city of Lagos, Nigeria lies in the crook of Africa, and is the second largest city in the country in both size and population. As a coastal nation and city, Lagos thrives in a symbiosis between the water, the people, and the landscape. The city of Lagos is faced by several major issues: a lack of infrastructure, constant flooding, and a serious issue with pollution. After narrowing the designable area to a specific location 3 design principles lead the macro and micro prototypical investigation.
Rule1: Provide connectivity to the villages.
Rule2: Bring water into the selected site.
Rule3: Solve the flooding and pooling problems that occur throughout the area.
Informal Housing in Relation to Trash Sites
A map of the city of Lagos, where the informal housing clusters are shown in relationship to the major waste dump sites. The diameter of the dashed circle is in relationship to the size of the dump site. Illado Island is highlighted in red.
Population Densities on Illado Island
Without accurate population data, the growth rate of Illado island can be measured by the developed and developing areas. The boundaries of the developed areas were analyzed from satellite images in 2000, 2006, and 2013 to form the growth rate. The population growth is then averaged to a yearly rate and graphically represented.
The Final Indexing Mesh
The final mesh is created as a result of the Environment, Island Flows, and the Programmatic data which was found for the island. This removes the areas that would be considered unsuitable for construction of a prototype, and highlights numerous areas across the island that are suitable.
Development of the Connective Network
These patterns and networks were developed much as the canals had been: Running Flows, Shortest Walk and Branching on the area in order to develop an acceptable network. This network is based off of the road studies in the previous phase.
After the development of the canal and fingers, we then turned to the road system through the area. The existing flows across the island are mostly footpaths, and the only real connection between the central, North East and South West areas are found along the coast. To combine our area with the other areas effectively, we need to establish a road network that fully integrates the existing flows and movement patterns already seen on the island.
Current Housing Construction
Homes on Illado island and informal housing surrounding the city of Lagos was researched. Most of the housing clusters use a wide variety of material to construct their homes, as it is based on what can be found, and what families can afford. The intention was to provide a kind of affordable modular construction, which would give the people of Lagos control and ownership over their homes, while maintaining an easy, accessible, and reusable kind of construction.
Proposed Housing Construction
Across the river, found on Tin Can Island are rows upon rows of storage containers. After the storage containers have served enough time and are retired. We propose the reuse of these containers, transforming them into modular homes, due to the access, availability, and multiple possibilities for design that they present.
Render of 2 Story Unit
North East Section through Site